: A Guide to Evangelical Questions about the Catholic Church,” available both in digital and paperback. There were plagues, and wars, as well as tyrants and injustices, but it was not the “dark ages.” All of these things exist today as well. Mutual Enrichment Why False Modesty Has a Deadly Allure – Stephen Mirarchi, epicPew Why Does the Catholic Bible Have More Books? When Christ at a symbolic moment was establishing His great society, He chose for its cornerstone neither the brilliant Paul…, O Come, Redeemer of the earth, and manifest thy virgin-birth. So there you have it. Then we examine the reason that the Catholic bible has seven more books than the Protestant bible. Deuterocanonical, a term assigned by Catholics, means “the second canon,” which is not to say that Catholics added to the Protestant canon, but that these books aren’t included in the Hebrew Bible, which came first. We have clear historical evidence of Septuagint (Deuterocanon) books not only written in Hebrew, but also quoted as Scripture in early Jewish writings. Typo? Watch Later Remove Cinema Mode. Those typically cited are Saint Athanasius and Saint Jerome, who translated the Scriptures from Greek and Hebrew/Aramaic into Latin. More answers to questions such as these can be found in the book “Are Catholics Christian? That being settled, all we have left is Saint Athansius, who was an excellent scholar on determining authentic New Testament Scripture, but apparently missed the mark on the Old Testament. Rather, the control of Judaism transferred to the Pharisees gradually, over a period of decades, starting from the fall of the Jerusalem Temple (AD 67-70) to the Bar Kochba Rebellion (AD 132-136) and thereafter. Thus, before Luther, there was a widespread consensus among the Christians of both east and west about the status of the collection found in the Vulgate. Then there were the Esseans, who were an obscure Jewish party that lived in virtual isolation in Palestine. By what authority do you base your Old Testament canon? Anti-Catholics would have you to read certain historical tracts of booklets that they have prepared for you in advance. They used both, they quoted from both freely, and they held to this common Jewish belief at the time, which was that both were divinely inspired. We’ll take a look at that today. Some translations diverge wildly from the original intent of their authors, and certain books aren’t included in the Bible because they are gnostic heresy. Another common objection is that modern Jews didn’t regard these seven books as inspired, so why should Protestants? O God, we praise Thee and acknowledge Thee to be the Supreme Lord. (As if God only speaks in Hebrew. I assert that all of the scholarly academic opinions in the world do not justify removing books from the Old Testament that all Christians had used for fifteen centuries! Let every age in wonder fall: such birth befits the…, “In the twilight of life, God will not judge us on our earthly possessions and human successes, but on how…, “At this Christmas, when Christ Comes, will He find a warm heart? So in Alexandria, Egypt, a translation of the canon of Scripture was commissioned. Jesus was a Jew who spoke Aramaic and lived in Palestine, but his ministry was not limited to Palestinian Jews alone. Ask an Apologist. The USCCB recommends the New American or the Revised Standard Version for English translations. Why the Catholic Bible has More Books. Early Christians, who were mostly Greek-speaking, opted for the Septuagint for its use of the Greek language, not for any theological preferences or animus against the deuterocanonical books. Does it belong to professors in universities? Luther then moved seven books from the Old Testament out of what he considered the authorized canon, and into a separate section he called “apocrypha” meaning “disputed.” He also took chapters out of Esther and Daniel and moved them into this same apocrypha section. In general, there was only the Catholic bible canon until Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. The Medieval Jews used a shorter canon for their Bible, and since the Christian Old Testament canon is based on the Jewish canon of Scripture, it only makes sense for the Christian Old Testament canon to match the Jewish canon, right? Catholics have forty-six (46) books in the Old Testament, while Protestants have only thirty-nine (39). The Catholic canon is not a willy-nilly, pick-and-choose for your own personal church; it’s a sacred collection of divinely-inspired writings that guide the life of Catholics universally as it did the apostles. Only the apostles and bishops of the early Church had the authority to determine the Christian Old Testament canon, and the modern Catholic Church has authoritatively affirmed this in the Council of Trent (AD 1545-1564) by continuing to use the same Septuagint (Deuterocanon) the apostles preached from in their sermons and quoted from in their writings. Catholics have 73 books of the Bible; Protestants have 66. People taught the faith to each other through tradition, and most books were passed on orally long before being written down. He didn’t like what they supported, and they supported Catholic teaching (i.e. It was the primary apostolic canon! That’s my suggestion. They are solely the opinions of the blogger, who is a faithful and orthodox Catholic. The fact is, the apostles and bishops of the early Church believed BOTH CANONS were authoritative — both the Hebrew/Aramaic Tanakh (Protocanon), and the Greek Septuagint (Deuterocanon). Catholic-Link is a Catholic portal full of resources for the New Evangelization. The canon of Scripture primarily used by the apostles was the Greek-translated Septuagint (Deuterocanon). The church was able to discern which of the books were indeed inspired by God, and which did not belong in the Bible, so how did they know which ones belonged and which ones didn’t? This is because Roman Catholics have 7 additional books in their Old Testament: Tobit, Judith, 1-2 Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, and Baruch. Why Does The Catholic Bible Have 7 More Books Than The Protestant Bible? Did you know that each month has a traditional Catholic devotion? Video. It would be impossible for a human to record—or even to know as a finite being—everything about an infinite God. I think that’s a fair accommodation. This list was not challenged until Martin Luther threw out 7 books. They are sometimes included in Protestant Bible appendices. The Church uses both faith and reason, in both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition, which have preserved and guided us to stable, absolute truths throughout the centuries. They surmise that the original Hebrew/Aramaic Tanakh (Protocanon) must be more accurate, because after all, it is older. Catholic Old Testaments include 1st and 2nd Maccabees , Baruch , Tobit , Judith , The Wisdom of Solomon , Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), additions to Esther, and the stories of Susanna and Bel and the Dragon which are included in Daniel. However, to other Christians, the issue of the Biblical canon is of key importance when it comes to their understanding of the Catholic Church. The purpose of this Greek translated Deuterocanon, was the same purpose that all translations serve — to make the text more available to a larger number of people. There’s a lot more in history, such as the decision at the Jewish Council of Jamnia to officially canonize the Hebrew Bible, but overall it can be said that the deuterocanonical books are considered sacred even in Jewish tradition, even though not a part of the Hebrew Bible. I say go down to your nearest library, and find some books on the development of the Christian canon of Scripture. And, t… I, along with millions of others, are living proof of that. To understand, we have to go back in history — way back — to the first and second century AD, to the time of Jesus and the apostles. BQSA Are All Sins The Same? The first Protestant to remove books from the Old Testament canon was none other than Martin Luther, the “father” of the Reformation himself. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! My best advice on how to respond when asked why did Catholics add books to the Bible is to ask a more accurate question: Why don’t all Christians have them? Another common academic argument against including the seven additional books of the Septuagint (Deuterocanon) is the citation of a couple early Christian writers who apparently did not regard them as authoritative Scripture. For example; the Talmud, the most authoritative book on Jewish traditions and interpretations specifically quotes the Septuagint (Deuterocanon) Book of Sirach as Scripture…. did Catholics add to God's word or did Christians take away from God's word? As for the other Protestant reformers and councils, the same reason may apply, though they often liked to cite a whole host of academic reasons other than that. Please let us know. Each Jewish “Bible” depended on what kind of Jewish persuasion we are talking about. It’s preached from behind the pulpits, on television, radio, the Internet and even written into various evangelistic tracts. Christians are sometimes wholly unaware that this difference exists, completely misled as to why there is a difference, or confident that their particular canon of books is undoubtedly the original. May I suggest choosing a non-abridged version? See the reference list below for other, more contemporary sources for further edification. Why does the Catholic Bible have more books in it? At that council, and likewise at previous councils before 1054,there was no dissent regarding the Vulgate selection of books still used by the Catholic Church now and also already at the time of St. Jerome. All written contents on this blog are copyrighted by Shane Schaetzel. faithfirst December 29, 2008, 3:08am #1. Martin Luther too appreciated the sources, if you will, and thus raised again the question: if we do not have Hebrew sources for the deuterocanonical books, why should we accept them as scripture? Rabbis, was by far the largest and most books were regarded as less canonical even! 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